Au Royaume-Uni, un sondage révèle que 77% des personnes interrogées souhaitent une réduction du niveau de l’immigration dans leur pays suite à l’arrivée de travailleurs d’Europe de l’Est: la crise économique européenne aurait donc un rôle dans la montée de la xénophobie dans le pays. Cependant, les événements liés au racisme en Grande-Bretagne n’ont souvent rien à voir avec la conjoncture économique; l’affaire Mark Duggan en est le meilleur exemple…
Recently the court’s decision concerning the Mark Duggan case was released and it claimed that Mark Duggan had been lawfully killed by the police. This event renewed the controversy surrounding his death and the racism of the police.
Mark Duggan, a 29-year-old Tottenham resident, was killed by the Metropolitan Police, in England, on the 4th August 2011 as they were attempting to arrest him for carrying a firearm as he was suspected of planning an attack. Because the official story around the death has undergone many changes, his death started riots in the town because of the suspicious circumstances of his death. Indeed, because of the poverty there are racist tensions between the police and population that believes that a large part of the bobbies is racist. This is why Mark’s family went to court to accuse the Metropolitan Police of misconduct and of failing to cooperate with the investigation around Duggan’s death.
What makes the controversy so strong is that this type of case raising rumours about the racism of the police isn’t an isolated one. Indeed the actions of the Metropolitan Police have progressively lost in legitimacy because their members have been accused of racism and the population is becoming increasingly hostile to its members.
The first big scandal concerning the Met was the death of a black African, Stephen Lawrence by a group of racists. The Met failed to cooperate and complete a thorough investigation as shown by the fact that it put an end to the said investigations by claiming that it had merely been a settling of scores among gang members.
Facing those accusations the Met tried to improve its image by employing more people from racial minorities. But this had the opposite effect since those new employees suffer from the racism of their colleagues and most of them are assigned administrative tasks.
In the poorest part of Britain’s society, minorities still suffer from racism because of the Met. Whereas the Institution is supposed to protect and serve the population, it increases social tensions: can the population still trust the police in London?
Axel BARICHE & Olivia LI